awake, awaken, wake, waken
1. forms.
Although the history of these words, and in particular of the various forms of past tense and past participle, is highly complex (see the OED entry), in current use awake and wake can be paired as strong verbs having a change of vowel, and awaken and waken can be paired as weak verbs. For the first pair, the past forms are awoke and woke, and the participial forms are awoken and woken. The second pair are regular, with past and participial forms awakened and wakened.
2. meanings.
All four verbs can be used transitively or intransitively, but wake, awaken, and waken are more formal or literary in effect. Wake is the only one to be followed optionally by up. Examples will clarify all these points: (awake) I awoke from a deep sleep / She awoke to the sound of driving rain / She awoke her sleeping child / The accident awoke old fears / (awaken) They awakened at dawn / There was enough noise to awaken the dead / There is a need to awaken motorists to the dangers of speeding in foggy conditions / The episode awakened her interest in impressionist painting / (wake) When do you usually wake in the morning? / I usually wake up at seven / Will you wake me up when it's time to go? / We woke up early this morning / I woke her up when it became light / I was woken by the wind in the night / (waken) They wakened at dawn / We were wakened by the storm / When she fell asleep nothing would waken her.

Modern English usage. 2014.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Waken — Wak en, v. t. 1. To excite or rouse from sleep; to wake; to awake; to awaken. Go, waken Eve. Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To excite; to rouse; to move to action; to awaken. [1913 Webster] Then Homer s and Tyrt[ae]us martial muse Wakened the world.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • wakēn — *wakēn, *wakæ̅n germ., schwach. Verb: nhd. wachen; ne. be (Verb) awake, guard (Verb); Rekontruktionsbasis: an., ae., afries., anfrk., as., ahd.; Hinweis: s. *wakan, *waknan; …   Germanisches Wörterbuch

  • waken — [wā′kən] vi. [ME waknen < OE wacnian, wæcnan, to become awake, akin to ON vakna, to waken: for IE base see WAKE1] 1. to become awake; come to one s senses after sleep or a state like sleep 2. to become active, animated, or alive after… …   English World dictionary

  • waken to — To make or become aware of • • • Main Entry: ↑waken …   Useful english dictionary

  • Waken — Wak en, v. i. [imp. & p. pr. {Wakened}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Wakening}.] [OE. waknen, AS. w[ae]cnan; akin to Goth. gawaknan. See {Wake}, v. i.] To wake; to cease to sleep; to be awakened. [1913 Webster] Early, Turnus wakening with the light. Dryden.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Waken — Waken, s. Wacken …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • waken — index foment Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • waken — (v.) to become awake, O.E. wæcnan, wæcnian to rise, spring, from the same source as WAKE (Cf. wake) (v.). Figurative sense was in O.E. Transitive sense of to arouse (someone or something) from sleep is recorded from c.1200. Related: Wakened;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • waken — awaken, arouse, rouse, *stir, rally Analogous words: excite, stimulate, quicken, galvanize, *provoke: fire, kindle (see LIGHT): impel, *move, actuate, drive Antonyms: subdue Contrasted words: *pacify, mollify, placate …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • waken — ► VERB ▪ wake from sleep. ORIGIN Old English, «be aroused»; related to WAKE(Cf. ↑wake) …   English terms dictionary

  • waken — [[t]we͟ɪkən[/t]] wakens, wakening, wakened V ERG When you waken, or when someone or something wakens you, you wake from sleep. [LITERARY] [V n] The noise of a door slamming wakened her... Women are much more likely than men to waken because of… …   English dictionary

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